I don't know how this issue come up, but I've been playing STO since February 2012 with same ISP and now I already reach VA rank with over 10K achievement points. Certainly something is not right which was started in 5 days ago. Could it be related to the up coming PvP boot camp? I experienced some irregularities with some PvP MMO that were not well protected and some players used trojan/virus/etc to make them superior compared to others.
Please help me, Dev.
That's some nasty lag you're getting there (anything over 150 is problematic, and yours passed that at something like warp 9), and it's not all from Cogent. In fact, your entire trace is extremely laggy and outright timed out in spots (note the asterisks in your trace, those are missed packets of data).
I'd suggest a full power cycle of your router, PC and modem, for starters. Make sure that nothing else is utilizing your connection that can be eating bandwidth (P2P programs, Pando, etc.)
Try using one of the proxies and see if that helps you out any. Again, those numbers are absolutely atrocious for a trace and make me think something else is going on with your internet connection.