This thread has been moved to the Missions subforum for feedback.
Maybe Cryptic needs to make the objective easier to find, or adjust positioning somehow?
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Actually all you need to do is check your mini-map. There should be a small grey arrow showing the direction of the satellite. Always works for me.
Once you'r inside the 'circle' - there is no arrow on screen any longer; but as others have said (and this is true in all missions) those circles are 2D representations; so if you're looking for an object/base/etc. to complete a mission objective; and you're at the center of the circle and don't see it - usually it'll be above or below your position (and sometimes you still may not see it from where you're at); and the only fix is to spiral up, or spiral down, until you find it.
(And as someone who's done this mission a few times; from your screenshot and the orientation of the planet - the object is above your ship.
Formerly known as Armsman from June 2008 to June 20, 2012
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I just completed that mission minutes ago to verify what i said earlier. So, I will say it like this. As soon as I arrived at the Carraya system and the the warp in animation was done I could see the satellite to the right of the battle, from my warp in p.o.v. After defeating the Tal Shiar the satellite was approx. 19km away. The arrow displayed just fine. Just so you know, I always accept both the patrol and scan missions since they are mostly in the same systems. I do the patrol portion first ( defeat "x" ships), then the scan. Never failed to find the satellite this way.