Yeah, the second word of the type is their base type, and that is the only specific energy type that buffs their damage. Phased Tetryon = Tetryon Tac console, Phased Polaron = Polaron Tac consoles, Polarized Disruptor = Disruptor
With combo weapons, read the pop-up tooltip for the weapon, and whatever damage type it says the weapon has (ex. Phased Tetryon = X Tetryon damage, Polarized disruptors = X disruptor damage, Phased Polaron = X polaron damage, and so on and so forth), use those consoles.
It is said the best weapon is one that is never fired. I disagree. The best weapon is one you only have to fire... once.