Wow! I'll agree that the science console page doesn't have as much information as would be nice but the Tactical and Engineering console pages taught me a lot of things I didn't already know. Very useful information!
well really, that's all the detail you get on teh science consoles, they boost those stats. what you really need to do is look at your science abilities and see which ones are modified by what sensor/deflector stat. Like Jam Sensors is affected by deflector emitter, so a console that boosts deflector emitter will boost your jam sensors attack. Get what i mean?
The other two are easy, damage resistance, weapon effectiveness, science is harder because they only boost special ability stats, and most of the special abilities are modified by two or more deflector or sensor stats.
But if you click on each effect in teh science consoles list, it will tell you which special abilities are buffed by that stat. So you get your detail that way