I have the same device and a similar OS. I can use the joystick to pivot my ship. I would like to have the trigger set up so that by holding it down contituously, it fires all weapons as soon as their cool down is over (I would like it to react like a turbo function on some game controlers). I have called Logitech several times, and they have not been very helpful as their response is to reinstall the drivers (which I have done numerous times). The drivers are not the problem, the problem is in the keybind functions of the game. Please Devs, can you get back to us on how to properly bind the joysticks?
Please do keep us informed, as I am using the same joystick and would be very curious to see if they can be more useful. I too was very let down when I, just now, found out how frustrating the joystick interface is with STO.