I see a path but I'm behind the ship explosion (closer to the airlock) and there are no beacons to get me around it.
When you wake up from the explosion there's a beacon in front of you that leads around to the left. There's also a beacon on the far right side. You need to follow that beacon. IE, go right. If you follow the beacon directly in front of you then you are just going back the way you came. So go back to where you woke up and then go right. You should see a beacon off in the distance you can thrust too.