I missed a comment on the swarmers. Advance slowly, so you get the minimum and put your shuttle or fighter into reverse as soon as you hit the first one. That reduces the numbers you are facing and buys you time before they can close and 'swarm' you.
Again, a 360 weapon helps there for when they do get to you.
The Point Defense Console is definitely uber here.
I think it is a good idea to equip your figher with a turret and a DHC. You get more out of the Fighter's innate cannon rapid fire, and you have both a single firing arc high DPS weapon and a 360? low DPS weapon.